Period fabric guide

A quick guide on what fabrics to choose.

VIKING AGE

793-1065 AD

Linen- for undergarments like tunics and underdress

Diamond twill- for apron dresses, tunics, pants, dresses, leg wraps.

Wool tabby- for tunics, dresses and pants

Wool twill- Thin for tunics, dresses and pants. Thick for outer garments.

Vadmal/broadcloth- for jackets, hoods and capes.

Herrinbone wool- pants, leg wraps

Striped wool- not very comon but exist, see guddal tunic.

Check/tartan wool- Large plaid for capes and blankets. Small plaids for tunics, aprondress ect but not super comon.

Silks- mostly for decorating parts of garments, maybe also whole garments.

Linen

Tabby wool

Wool twill

Diamond twill

Silk brocades

Vadmal (broadcloth)

Vadmal (broadcloth)

Herringbone twill

MIDDLE AGES

1065-1500 AD

Linen- for shirts, underdresses, panties and underpants.

Wool tabby- for dresses, tunics, hoses.

Wool twill- Thin for tunics, dresses and pants. Thick for outer garmetns.

-Check/tartan wool (not very comon but exist in cotehardies for example).

Striped wool (not very comon but exist in tunics and cotehardies).

Vadmal/broadcloth- for outer garments.

Linen

Tabby wool

Wool twill

Silk brocade

Vadmal (broadcloth)

Vadmal (broadcloth)

RENAISSANCE

1500-1600 AD

Wool for the common people, silk for the noble.

Linen- for shirts and underdresses.

Wool tabby- for kirtles, jackets and pants.

Wool twill- for kirtles, jackets and pants.

Vadmal/broadcloth- for outer garments.

Silk brocades- kirtles, jackets and pants.

Silk velvet- kirtles, jackets and pants.

18th century

1700s

Wool, cotton and linen for the common people and silk, cotton and linen for the noble/rich.

The common people clothing starts to vary more between countrys than earlyer centuries.

Linen- for shirts, underdresses and lining.

Plain cotton- for shirts, underdresses and lining.

Printed cotton- for dresses, skirts waistcoats and lady jackets.

Wool tabby- for skirts, jackes, waistcoats and pants.

Wool twill- for skirts, jackes, waistcoats and pants.

Vadmal/broadcloth- for outer garments.

Plain silks- for dresses, jackets, waistcoats, pants and capes.

Silk brocades- for dresses, jackets, waistcoats and pants.

Silk velvet- for dress details, jackets, waistcoats, pants and capes.

Silk chiffon- for scarfs

19th century

1800s

Wool, cotton and linen for the common people and silk, cotton and linen for the noble/rich.

Linen- for shirts, underdresses and lining.

Plain cotton- for shirts, underdresses and lining.

Printed cotton- for  dresses.

Wool tabby- for jackets and pants.

Wool twill- for jackets and pants.

Vadmal/broadcloth- for outer garments.

Plain silks- for dresses, jackets, pants and capes.

Silk brocades- for dresses, jackets and pants.

Silk velvet- for dress details, jackets, pants and capes.

Silk chiffon- for scarfs

Silk chiffon

Check/tartan

Silk satin/duchess

The historical fabric store
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The historical fabric store is a retailer based in Sweden that supplies fabric and habedashery for historical costumes all over the world.
Searching for anything in perticular? Let us know in the contact form.
Open hours: 10-17

Västra Glänne slängom 1

655 92 Kil

Sweden